Btn Rss Bioethics News.

12/15/2017

A Chinese province is collecting DNA and iris scans from all its residents

Business Insider

Authorities in the Chinese province of Xinjiang have begun collecting DNA and biometrics from all its residents, Human Rights Watch reported Wednesday.

12/15/2017

After mistakenly declaring newborn dead, New Delhi hospital loses license

CNN

The Delhi government has canceled the license of a private hospital where a newborn baby was mistakenly declared dead.

12/14/2017

Gene therapy makes a big advance treating hemophilia B blood disorder

Washington Post

Konduros, 53, who runs a bakery and cafe in southeastern Ontario, is one of 10 men in an early-stage trial sponsored by Spark Therapeutics. (The disorder is much more common in men than women.) On Wednesday, researchers reported that a single intravenous infusion of Spark’s novel gene therapy enabled patients to safely produce sufficient clotting factor to prevent dangerous bleeding episodes.

12/13/2017

Gut molecule that blocks ‘hunger hormone’ may spur new treatments for diabetes, anorexia

Science

Scientists once had high hopes that inhibiting a hormone named ghrelin would be the key to preventing obesity. Ghrelin didn’t turn out to be a weight loss panacea. But now, the discovery of the first molecule naturally made by the body that blocks ghrelin’s effects may open up new avenues for treating other conditions, including diabetes and anorexia. The finding may also explain some of the benefits of bariatric surgery, which shrinks or reroutes the stomach to control weight.

12/12/2017

Regulations Amending the Food and Drug Regulations (Public Release of Clinical Information)

Government of Canada

Without access to detailed clinical data, health professionals and researchers are unable to perform independent analyses of the evidence underlying published research findings and Health Canada’s regulatory reviews. This approach limits transparency and misses opportunities to promote greater confidence in the oversight of drugs and medical devices. It is also out of step with Health Canada’s key regulatory partners, including the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, which have increased clinical data transparency over the past 10 years.

12/11/2017

Medical Nightmare: Woman Contracted Pancreatic Cancer From Transplanted Organ, Lawsuit Claims

Newsweek

People rely on organ donations to save their lives, but a California woman claims that her implanted pancreas gave her cancer, reported Courthouse News. The legal news service found court documents of the complaint, which was filed in the Sacramento Superior Court. Jeffrey Sevey, attorney for the plaintiff, confirmed to Newsweek that put in the paperwork.

12/08/2017

China to roll back regulations for traditional medicine despite safety concerns

Nature

Scientists fear plans to abandon clinical trials of centuries-old remedies will put people at risk.

12/07/2017

‘Thanksgiving miracle’: Baby denied kidney receives transplant

CNN

Two-year-old AJ Burgess received a new kidney Wednesday after a prolonged battle with hospital officials who postponed his original October surgery when his father, a perfect donor match, violated his parole and was arrested.

12/06/2017

Smartphone addiction could be changing your brain

CNN

“NO MObile PHOne phoBIA” is a 21st-century term for the fear of not being able to use your cell phone or other smart device. Cell phone addiction is on the rise, surveys show, and a new study released Thursday adds to a growing body of evidence that smartphone and internet addiction is harming our minds — literally.

12/05/2017

A man collapsed with ‘Do Not Resuscitate’ tattooed on his chest. Doctors didn’t know what to do.

Washington Post

Doctors in Miami faced an unusual ethical dilemma when an unconscious, deteriorating patient was brought into the emergency room with the words “Do Not Resuscitate” across his chest.

12/04/2017

Moms, should you eat your placentas?

Science

Celebrity socialite Kim Kardashian West says it boosted her energy level. Mad Men’s January Jones touts it as a cure for postpartum depression. But does eating one’s placenta after birth—an apparently growing practice around the globe—actually confer any health benefits? Not really, according to the first in-depth analyses of the practice.

12/01/2017

AI-controlled brain implants for mood disorders tested in people

Nature

Researchers funded by the US military are developing appliances to record neural activity and automatically stimulate the brain to treat mental illness.

11/30/2017

Sexual harassment: How it stands around the globe

CNN
The fact is that sexual harassment is part and parcel of daily life, particularly in public places, Jewkes believes. “It’s used to curtail a woman’s freedom.”
In the streets of London, Mumbai, Washington or Lagos, the recent outpouring of stories from women using #MeToo and its many iterations has showed the uniformity of the problem — irrespective of country and culture.

11/29/2017

How to get enough protein, without meat

Washington Post

If they’re eating enough vegetarian sources of protein, iron and B vitamins, even athletes can get along just fine.

11/28/2017

Director of HHS scientific fraud office is out after stormy 2-year tenure

Science

The controversial director of the office that polices research fraud in U.S.-funded biomedical labs is temporarily moving to another agency. Kathy Partin has been removed after nearly 2 years as director of the U.S. Office of Research Integrity (ORI) in Rockville, Maryland.

11/27/2017

Courage and Compassion: Virtues in Caring for So-Called “Difficult” Patients

Journal Of Medical Ethics

n his 1978 article, “Taking Care of the Hateful Patient,” James E. Groves wrote about “those [patients] whom most physicians dread”—patients who, as others have noted, seem to display “behavioral or emotional aspects” such as “psychiatric disorders, personality disorders, and subclinical behavior traits” that, while not necessarily related to their primary medical condition, nonetheless complicate their care. What, if anything, can medical ethics offer to assist in the care of such patients?

11/24/2017

The truth behind the ‘first marijuana overdose death’ headlines

Washington Post

A case report about the seizure and death of an 11-month old after exposure to cannabis has prompted headlines about “the first marijuana overdose death” this week. Except that’s not what the doctors meant.

11/23/2017

Childbirth is killing black women in the US, and here’s why

CNN

Each year in the United States, about 700 to 1,200 women die from pregnancy or childbirth complications, and black women like Saba are about three to four times more likely to die of pregnancy or delivery complications than white women.

11/22/2017

African scientists get their own open-access publishing platform

Nature

Venture will launch next year and seeks to strengthen continent’s science by helping academics share work more quickly.

11/21/2017

This scientist wants your help tracking mosquitoes—and all you need is a cellphone

Science

Mosquitoes can be deadly, transmitting malaria, dengue, and Zika. But tracking them is tough. Now, researchers—led by bioengineer Manu Prakash of Stanford University in Palo Alto, California—have developed a new, cheap way to monitor these insects with mobile phones and a Shazam-like app that tells them apart based on their “songs.”

11/20/2017

A dying vet needed CPR. Hidden video shows his nurse laughing instead.

Washington Post

James Dempsey died in that room Feb. 27, 2014, in front of the secret camera. What his family saw on the video made them sue the facility.

11/17/2017

Training men and boys to honor women in the age of #MeToo

CNN

As millions of women continue to share their stories of sexual abuse and harassment in the wake of the Harvey Weinstein scandal, men from all walks of life have responded.

11/16/2017

Ethics of Collaborative Health Systems Design

AMA Journal of Ethics

Co-creation refers to interactive practices that help critical stakeholders—patients, clinicians, and administrators, for example—work together to discern mutual values, develop strategies to address shared challenges, promote common goals, and motivate desired outcomes.

11/15/2017

First Digital Pill Approved to Worries About Biomedical ‘Big Brother’

The New York Times

For the first time, the Food and Drug Administration has approved a digital pill — a medication embedded with a sensor that can tell doctors whether, and when, patients take their medicine.

11/15/2017

Resurrected malaria strategy saves thousands of lives in Africa

Nature

In a sea of high-tech malaria fixes — everything from drug-delivery by drone to gene-edited mosquitoes — an old-fashioned approach is saving thousands of children in West Africa, according to studies presented this week at the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH) meeting in Baltimore, Maryland.

11/14/2017

Lab-grown ‘minibrains’ are revealing what makes humans special

Science

Ever since Alex Pollen was a boy talking with his neuroscientist father, he wanted to know how evolution made the human brain so special. Our brains are bigger, relative to body size, than other animals’, but it’s not just size that matters. “Elephants and whales have bigger brains,” notes Pollen, now a neuroscientist himself at the University of California, San Francisco. Comparing anatomy or even genomes of humans and other animals reveals little about the genetic and developmental changes that sent our brains down such a different path.

11/13/2017

Scientists save a kid by growing a whole new skin for him

Wired

In October, the Italians sent the new skin back to Germany, and the boy’s doctors carefully laid them into areas they’d scoured of any dead or infected flesh, first to his arms and legs. When another batch arrived in November they did his chest and back. In January they touched up any spots they’d missed. Seven and a half months after he was admitted, the boy walked out the hospital doors, wound-free—the recipient of the largest-ever infusion of transgenic stem cells.

11/10/2017

Former GSK boss to lead new UK accelerated drug access scheme

Reuters

Former GlaxoSmithKline boss Andrew Witty is to lead a new British scheme to accelerate access to ground-breaking medicines for conditions such as cancer, dementia and diabetes from April 2018.

11/09/2017

Infusions of young blood tested in patients with dementia

Nature

The first controlled, but controversial and small, clinical trial of giving young blood to people with dementia has reported that the procedure appears safe. It has also hinted that it may even produce modest improvements in the daily lives of people who have Alzheimer’s disease.

11/08/2017

When Will the ‘Harvey Effect’ Reach Academia?

The Atlantic

The open secret in academia is how many women face sexual harassment on a regular basis. A 2015 survey conducted by the Association of American Universities at 27 elite private and public research universities found that roughly one in 10 female graduate students states that she has been sexually harassed by a faculty member at her university.